Identifying Human Trafficking

Suspicious Conditions

  • Heavy security at the commercial establishment such as barred windows, security cameras, locked doors, heavy isolation, guards, or guard dogs;
  • Victims live at the work/brothel site or are escorted between living quarters and work site by a guard;
  • Heavy foot and/or vehicle traffic;
  • Men disproportionally frequent the establishment;
  • Large amounts of cash and contraception at the location;
  • Presence of a “trick book," customer logbook, or receipt book;
  • Lack of legitimate, expected business equipment;
  • Large numbers of workers living in the same space, particularly in a space not normally suited as a living space;

Signs of Abuse

  • Prostitute or commercial sex worker appears to be under the age of eighteen;
  • Victim has bruising, frequent injuries, prolonged lack of health care, appears malnourished;
  • Distinctive brands, scars, or tattoos;
  • Victim exhibits fear, anxiety, depression, submission, tension, and/or nervousness;
  • Fear or paranoia of law enforcement;
  • Victim avoids eye contact;
  • Victim does not know what city s/he is in;
  • Victim does not have control of his/her own money;
  • Victim is not free to leave working or living conditions alone;
  • Victim's communication is restricted or controlled, or a third party insists on translating for him/her;
  • Victim has an attorney representing him/her that s/he does not seem to know or agree with; and
  • Victim is kept under surveillance when s/he is taken somewhere.
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