Voting key dates, resources, and hotline information
The Office of the New York State Attorney General (OAG) protects your right to vote.
Please note that the information provided on our site does not apply to elections for office in your village or school district. If you have questions about an election in your village or school district, please contact your Village Clerk or local school board.
Important dates and deadlines – updated as of October 13, 2023
|Key dates||June primary||November general election|
|Last day to register to vote||June 17||October 28|
|Deadline to request absentee ballot by mail or online||June 12||October 23|
|Early voting||June 17-25||October 28-November 5|
Voters can register and vote by affidavit ballot on the same day.
|Deadline to request absentee ballot at local Board of Elections||June 27||November 6|
Last day to vote in person. Absentee ballot must be postmarked by this date.
|June 27||November 7|
|All absentee ballots must be received||July 4||November 14|
OAG election hotline
Each year, for both the June primary and November general elections, the Office of the New York State Attorney General (OAG) runs an Election Protection Hotline that runs during the early voting period and on Election Day. Voters experiencing problems may call OAG’s hotline at 1-866-390-2992 or submit complaints online using the OAG’s online form. OAG volunteers will then work to troubleshoot any issues and work with local BOEs when necessary to resolve any problems encountered.
The Office of the New York State Attorney General has also compiled helpful information regarding New York State voter registration procedure; key deadlines ; a resource guide to help you understand your voting rights, including when, where, and how to vote as well as a guide to Frequently Asked Questions.
|Deadlines for voter registration||June primary election||November general election|
|Mailed form||Received by June 17||
Received by October 28
|In-person form||Completed at board of elections June 17||Completed at board of elections by October 28|
You can register if you are:
- a U.S. citizen
- 18 years of age by December 31 of the year in which you are registering (note that you must be 18 by the date of the election in which you want to vote)
- a resident — for at least 30 days before the election — of New York and of the city, village, or county in which you intend to vote
- not presently incarcerated for a felony (however, you can vote if you have been released from felony detention, or have been convicted for only a misdemeanor)
- not found mentally incompetent by a court
- not claiming the right to vote in any other location than your city and county of residence
You may re-register to vote if you have changed your name or moved from out of state.
- Online: Keep your confirmation number.
- In person: Get a voter-registration form from your local board of elections or at any one of these listed New York state agencies
Check your registration
- In New York City: New York City Board of Elections
- Outside of New York City: New York State Board of Elections
- If your information is not there or seems wrong, contact your local board of elections or the Office of the New York State Attorney General for help.
You can vote by mail using an absentee ballot, a paper form you fill out at home and return to your Board of Elections.
To request an absentee ballot, you must be:
- Absent from your county or, if you are a resident of New York City, absent from the five boroughs, on Election Day;
- Unable to appear at the polls due to a temporary or permanent illness or disability;
- Unable to appear because you are the primary care giver of one or more individuals who are ill or have a physical disability;
- A resident or patient of a Veterans Health Administration Hospital; OR
- In jail or prison for any reason other than a felony conviction. This includes anyone who is awaiting grand jury action, awaiting trial, or serving a sentence for a misdemeanor.
Beginning in 2023, fear of contracting COVID-19 will no longer be a basis by itself to request an absentee ballot; however, contraction of COVID or other illnesses may provide a basis using the temporary or permanent illness and disability.
|Deadline to request absentee ballot from local board of elections||June primary election||November general election|
|By form, fax, or portal||June 12||October 23|
|In person||June 27||November 6|
Get your absentee ballot
- Submit an absentee-ballot application, or request a ballot in person, at your local board of elections.
- Download the application from the New York State Board of Elections. Mail or fax it to your local board of elections. Allow time for mailing.
- Use the absentee-ballot portal in New York City or outside New York City.
Want help? You can have someone else deliver your application to your board of elections and bring your ballot to you. Be sure to write the name of that person in Box 6 on the form.
No matter which option you choose, observe the deadlines carefully.
Your ballot package contains:
- absentee ballot
- oath/security envelope
- return envelope imprinted with “Official Election Mail” and addressed to your local board of elections (includes pre-paid postage)
To complete your ballot:
- Mark your ballot, following the instructions. Fold it up and place it in the oath/security envelope.
- Sign, date, and seal the oath/security envelope. Place it in the return envelope.
- Seal the return envelope.
To return your ballot, you can:
- Mail your ballot. It must be postmarked no later than Election Day and received by your board of elections no more than a week after Election Day. Mail it early! Postage is now included!
- Deliver your ballot during early voting. Bring it to an early-voting poll site in New York City if you live in New York City, or to any early-voting poll site in your county if you live outside the city, during the early-voting period.
- Bring your ballot on Election Day. You can bring it to your local board of elections, or to a poll site in New York City if you live in New York City or in your county if you live outside New York City.
Get accommodation for a disability
Request a disability-accessible absentee ballot through the New York State Board of Elections. This also comes with a postage-paid return envelope. You can sign the oath/security envelope on the raised marker (you can sign anywhere else on the envelope, if you have difficulty signing it on the marker).
You can also use an electronic voting method that lets you mark your ballot with your own assistive technology. Print out your completed ballot and return it to your local board of elections.
- In New York City: You will be assigned an early-voting poll site by the New York City Board of Elections. Find your poll site at the New York City Board of Elections.
- Outside New York City: You can vote at any early-voting poll site in your county. Check your local board of elections or the New York State Board of Elections.
Voting hours vary by poll site, so carefully note the hours listed by your local board of elections.
If you have problems or questions, or believe your polling location is improperly closed, call your local board of elections or contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
To find out where you can vote in person on Election Day, contact:
- In New York City: New York City Board of Elections.
- Outside New York City: Check the New York State Board of Elections or your local board of elections, or contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
You can also call the Attorney General's hotline for help finding your poll site.
All poll sites should be open from 6 a.m. through 9 p.m. If you believe your polling site is improperly closed, call your local board of elections, or contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
Ask for disability accommodations
If you have a disability, a friend or relative may help you in the voting booth. Election inspectors at the site can also help and can provide assistive devices.
A poll worker may provide you with reasonable accommodations at their discretion, such as having a chair, having someone else stand in line for you, or moving to the front of the line if you cannot stand for long periods.
If your board of elections cannot help you, contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General's hotline for help.
Also consider voting early. Lines will probably be shorter during early voting. Just note that you will have to vote by affidavit ballot in person because you filed a request for an absentee ballot.
You may have made a mistake with your absentee ballot. You may be able to fix it if:
- You forgot to sign, seal, or include your oath/security envelope.
- Your signature does not match the signature on file.
- The envelope is signed by someone else, such as someone who has power of attorney or who has helped you.
- Your ballot was mailed without a postmark within seven days after the election.
In this case, your local board of elections must provide you with a sworn statement (cure affirmation) for you to complete, sign, and return. You must return the cure affirmation (or have it postmarked) by the seventh business day after you receive the notification. You can return it by mail or in person.
If the affirmation addresses the error, your ballot will be counted. If it is rejected, you will be notified within three business days of the rejection.
If you are concerned that you did not properly fill out your absentee ballot, or that your ballot will arrive too late, you can go to your polling site and vote in person by affidavit ballot. However, if you correctly completed your ballot and if it arrives in time, your absentee ballot will be counted instead of your in-person affidavit ballot.
In 2023, you can use an absentee ballot if you:
- will be absent from your county of residence (for New York City residents, absent from New York City) on Election Day
- have a temporary or permanent illness or disability
- are the primary caregiver of an individual who has a temporary or permanent illness or disability
- are a patient at a Veterans' Administration hospital
- are detained in jail awaiting an action by a grand jury, or are incarcerated for conviction on an offense other than a felony
You are not required to show photo ID to vote anywhere throughout the state.
However, depending on when you registered, or if this is the first time you are voting, polling officials may require some form of identification. If this is the case, you may use a photo ID or a copy of any of the following documents:
- current utility bill
- bank statement
- government check
- other government document showing your name and address
If you do not have any of these forms of identification, you may cast an affidavit ballot unless a court says otherwise.
If someone improperly requests identification when you try to vote, contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
A poll worker may ask you for identification to clarify the spelling of your name, or for other reasons. While you are free to present such information to help the poll worker, remember that identification is not required to vote (other than to clear up the issues listed above). Poll workers may also ask you for your date of birth if you have a common name or if they experience difficulty finding you in the pollbook.
If someone improperly requests your date of birth when you try to vote, contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
First, confirm that you are at the correct location. Check the appropriate website for voting early or on Election Day, or ask the inspector at the polling site to confirm your location.
If you believe you are at the correct site and are eligible to vote, you can cast an affidavit ballot. This is a provisional ballot that is not immediately scanned and counted on Election Day; it is set aside until election officials can verify your voter eligibility. Once confirmed, it is counted and tallied with the vote totals.
- Complete the affidavit ballot and place it in the affidavit envelope. The election inspector will help you complete and properly document the envelope to provide information about your eligibility.
- If election officials determine that you were eligible to vote and were at the correct site, your vote will be counted, and your voter registration will be updated for later elections.
- If you were at the wrong polling location but voting in the correct county, some of the races common to the poll site in which you voted will be counted. You will receive a notice to that effect as well as a registration form to remedy issues in the future.
Affidavit ballots can be used when your voting eligibility is unclear because:
- You moved within the state after registering.
- You have “inactive” voter status.
- Your registration was incorrectly transferred to a different address (even though you did not move).
- Your registration poll records are missing on Election Day.
- Your identity was not previously verified.
- Your registration records do not show you enrolled in your party.
- You are incorrectly identified as having already voted.
- You requested an absentee ballot but elected to vote in person.
On the first day of early voting (10 days before Election Day), if you are eligible but not registered to vote, you may complete a conditional voter registration and cast an affidavit ballot. This must be done in person at the Board of Elections or an early voting poll site.
If poll workers refuse to give you an affidavit ballot, or insist on first calling their board of elections to determine your eligibility, this practice is illegal. Immediately contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
Even if an election inspector believes you are not eligible to vote or that you are at the wrong poll site, you can request a court order to cast an in-person ballot that will be counted by the close of the polls.
If you decide to do this, the election inspector must give you a certificate to request a court order:
Election inspectors will fill out the certificate for you, with the signatures of election inspectors from each political party. They will direct you to your local board of elections office (or other location), where a judge is available to review and endorse your certificate, if it is valid. You can then return to your polling site with the certificate and cast your in-person ballot.
Some voter challenges are legal. At a polling site, an election inspector or clerk, an official poll watcher, or a registered voter can challenge a voter's right to vote. The challenger cannot be intimidating or threatening. Legitimate claims may be that the voter:
- has not provided an authentic signature
- does not reside in an appropriate location for this election
- has already cast a ballot
- is otherwise unqualified to vote
- is engaged in electioneering (working on behalf of a political party or candidate at or near the polling site)
If someone challenges you, you can dispute the challenge.
You are entitled to dispute the challenge. An election inspector will administer a preliminary oath about your qualifications to vote, and then ask questions about the challenge:
- If you refuse to take the oath or answer the questions, you will not be permitted to vote.
- If the inspector believes you are qualified to vote or if the challenge is withdrawn, you will be allowed to complete and cast your ballot.
- If the inspector is not satisfied with your answers, you may choose to take a specific oath to address the challenge (for instance, about your citizenship, residency, or voting status; bribery issues; or competency issues), after which you may be allowed to vote.
- If an election inspector offers to remedy the situation with an affidavit ballot, you can insist on taking the necessary oath(s). This will allow your vote to be counted by the time the polls close, rather than having to wait for review after the election.
If you feel threatened, want assistance, or have questions about the process, contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
Official poll watchers are legitimate. These are people sent by candidates, political parties, or other organizations to report voting irregularities to the election inspector, a police officer, or the board of elections.
At a general or primary election, a party, political committee, or other organization may place three watchers at each election district at any time. Only one of these three may be within the guard rail, which is the part of the poll site containing the table used by election inspectors and board of elections equipment (privacy booths, ballot-marking device, and scanners).
Poll watchers can only watch — nothing more. If they work on behalf of a political party or candidate, engage you in political discussions, or interfere with your right to vote, they are violating the law.
However, poll watchers may challenge voters based on signature authenticity, residence, multiple voting, voter qualification, or electioneering.
If you see a poll watcher behaving improperly, please contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
Voter intimidation, although very rare in New York, could include the following and other tactics:
- individuals or groups waiting outside polling places and trying to scare people out of the voting line
- poll watchers inside a polling place aggressively challenging a large group of voters, slowing down lines, and falsely hinting that voters are voting illegally
- poll watchers near voting booths, standing in unauthorized areas, video recording or photographing voters in the polling place, or following or harassing voters in the polling place
- individuals spreading rumors or making false statements that voting leads to negative consequences
- individuals or groups displaying weapons, foreign military uniforms, or any military symbols or equipment outside polling locations
The Office of the New York State Attorney General takes any claim of voter intimidation seriously. If you see any of these behaviors, please contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
Watch out for phone calls, mailings, or messages in newspapers, social media, TV, or radio that discourage you from using an absentee ballot, voting early, or voting at all:
- "Your vote is not private." This is untrue. How you vote will not be shared when you vote.
- "Elections are used to crack down on warrants or tickets." This is a lie. Someone is trying to scare you to prevent you from voting.
- "Your polling place/date has changed." Consult your local board of elections and the resources they have listed, especially if you receive different information about where or when to vote.
Voter intimidation is a serious crime. If you experience any voter intimidation or misinformation, please contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
If you have moved within the state of New York, even if you have not yet updated your address on your voter registration, you are eligible to vote in person. You must cast an affidavit ballot at the poll site assigned to your new address. Fill out the ballot envelope completely so that your voter registration will be updated correctly.
If you have moved to or within New York City, check the New York City Board of Elections for guidance about where to vote.
If your new address is outside New York City, you can find your new poll site by contacting your local board of elections or the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
If you have moved to New York from another state, your mailed or in-person voter registration must be received by 10 days before Election Day. If you are unable to return your registration by this time, on the first day of early voting (10 days before Election Day), you may complete a conditional voter registration and cast an affidavit ballot in person at the Board of Elections or an early voting poll site, even if you were not previously registered in New York.
Poll-site location changes are often necessary. Your local board of elections is juggling changes in poll-site needs and availability. In each election cycle, there is a new set of races, and the number of people who can vote in each race can change. And some voting sites, such as schools, can become unavailable.
But you should not receive any surprises about your poll site changing. If you already received a notice with your assigned poll site, you should get any last-minute poll site changes by mail at least five days before the next election or registration deadline. For early voting poll sites, you should receive notification at least five days before the early voting period begins. If your board of elections cannot give you this notice, it must post signs at your previous polling location directing you to the correct location, or notify you in some other way.
If you believe that your polling place has been moved without notice, call your local board of elections, or contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General for assistance, including by calling our hotline at 1-866-390-2992.
If you have a four-hour window when you are not working and the polls are open (for instance, if your shift ends at 5 p.m. and the polls are open until 9 p.m.), then you cannot receive paid time off to vote.
If you do not have a four-hour window, you may claim up to two hours of paid time off. Notify your employer at least two working days, but not more than 10 working days, before the day on which you wish to vote. If your employer refuses to give you paid time off, contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
Sharpies and permanent markers are completely safe and legitimate for marking your ballot. The ballot is designed so that, even if your marks on one side of the paper bleed through, they will not affect races on the other side (if you have marked your ballot properly). In fact, many poll workers prefer Sharpies because they will not smudge or stain the glass on a ballot scanner.
Guidance on face coverings and social distancing continues to evolve. Please check with your local board of elections regarding COVID-19 protocols at your poll site. If your board of elections cannot assist you, please contact the Office of the New York State Attorney General at 1-866-390-2992.
You can send a friend or family member to your local Board of Election to request an in-person absentee ballot on your behalf up until the day before Election Day. If that deadline has passed, you may be able to request curbside voting at your polling location since the risk of transmitting COVID-19 is greatly reduced in outdoor settings. Check with your local Board of Elections to see if they will accommodate your situation and otherwise comply with Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidance.